Obstetrics and Gynecology (often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O&G or Obs & Gynae) is the medical specialty that deals with obstetrics and gynecology. The postgraduate training program for both aspects is unified. This combined training prepares the practicing OB/GYN to be adept at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of pregnancy.
The common route for an OBGYN student is to first earn an undergraduate degree, graduate from medical school and complete a residency at a hospital prior to certification.
Becoming an obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN) requires about 11-14 years of education and practical experience. The first 7-9 years are general medical training. Doctors begin to specialize in OBGYN practice during residency programs that begin following graduation from medical school which requires an additional 4-5 years of education and clinical practice. Experienced OBGYN professionals can seek certifications in sub-specialty areas, including maternal and fetal medicine.