Guyana, an Amerindian word meaning 'Land of Many Waters' has numerous rivers and waterways. The three main rivers are Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice.
Guyana consist of 3 mountain ranges,
Mount Roraima lies on the Guiana Shield in the southeastern corner of Venezuela's 30,000 km² Canaima National Park forming the highest peak of Guyana's Highland Range. The tabletop mountains of the park are considered some of the oldest geological formations on Earth, dating back to some two billion years ago in the Precambrian Era.
The highest point in Guyana and the highest point of the Brazilian state of Roraima both lie on the plateau, but Venezuela and Brazil have higher mountains. The triple border point is at 5°12'08N, 60°44'07W, but the mountain's highest point is Maverick Rock, 2,810 m, at the south end of the plateau and wholly within Venezuela.
The Kanuku Mountains
The Kanuku Mountains recognized by Conservation International as being one of the few remaining pristine Amazon habitats - is located in southwestern Guyana.
The Pakaraima Mountains
The Pakaraima Mountains are found in central and western Guyana along the Venezuela/Brazil border. This mountain range covers a distance of roughly 500 miles, is part of the Guyana Shield and populated with many tepuis, or flat-topped mountains.
Guyana boasts more than 300 glorious waterfalls including several of the World's highest Waterfalls such as Kaieteur - the world's largest single-drop waterfall( five-times the size of Niagara Falls), King George VI falls at 525 feet and King Edward VIII at over 850 feet. Few List of then are as follows,
Guyana has got a very long and good costal area with good number of beaches.
Bartica, once known as the 'Gateway to Guyana's Interior' is a relatively small town and is located in the Essequibo region.
Saxacalli is originally an Arawak community located on the left bank of the Essequibo River some 25 miles from Parika.
Journey to the north eastern Atlantic coast of Guyana in the Barima Waini Region to Shell Beach! This 90 mile stretch of relatively uninhabited coastline is known mainly as a nesting ground for four species of endangered marine turtles which come to nest here annually.
63 Beach is found north of Corriverton and located in No.63 Village on the Corentyne. Every week this beach is visited by more than 3000 visitors.
North Rupununi wetland is the largest wetland found in Guyana. This wetland covers 22,000 hectares of flooded savannah and forest. The North Rupununi wetland is dominated by the Rupununi, Rewa and Essequibo Rivers and include over 750 lakes, ponds and water inlets. More than 400 species of fish, the highest diversity of fishes in the world for areas of similiar size is found in the Rupununi wetlands.
No trip to Georgetown would be complete without a visit to the Botanical Gardens. The Botanical Gardens houses one of the most extensive collections of tropical flora in the Caribbean and are laid out with ponds, canals, kissing bridges and a bandstand.
The Promenade Garden, with its main entrance on Middle Street, occupies one city block. The area was once used as a public display for hanging the slaves associated with the 1823 East Coast rebellion. Prominent fixtures in the garden include a bandstand and the Mahatma Gandhi Monument. The bandstand is the oldest of three in the city and was completed in 1897.
The National Park, formerly occupied by the Demerara Golf Club since 1923 was renamed the Queen Elizabeth II National Park in 1965 in honour of the Queen's visit to Guyana. On Guyana's attainment of independence it was became known as the National Park.On 26 May 1966 the Golden Arrowhead was hoisted and the Union Jack lowered marking the birth of Guyana. This park is utilized for cultural, educational and recreational activities and is maintained by The National Parks Commission under the Ministry of Agriculture.
Over 100 species of wildlife can be observed at the Zoo including a wide variety of tropical fishes and birds.
The Guyana Zoo houses approximately 30 species (or kinds) of mammals, 40 species of birds, 15 species of reptiles and 20 species of fish. Some exciting representatives of these groups include the following species:
Mammals: jaguars, pumas, tapirs, giant otter, white faced saki monkeys, capuchin monkeys, a tayra, a family of two-toed sloths, and manatees.
Birds: eagles and hawks (raptors), parrots, toucans and owls.
Reptiles: rattlesnakes, spectacled caiman, anacondas, matamata turtle, and emerald tree boa.
Some endangered species (animals with low population numbers in the wild) can also be found at the zoo. For example, harpy eagles, jaguars, a giant otter and West Indian manatees.
Georgetown hosts the majority of museums in Guyana. Each of which showcases a different aspect of Guyana's historical remnants.
The Guyana National Museum is located on North Road in a building complex which opened in 1951. The Museum's collections were housed previously in the Carneige Building. The Guyana National Museum in Georgetown has a collection of flora and fauna, precious stones found in our land formation, archaeological findings, and examples of Amerindian arts and crafts. This museum is the largest and house most of our general artifacts.
The Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology, the first museum of anthropology in the English-speaking Caribbean was founded in the year 1974 with the collections of Guyanese Archaeologist, Dr. Denis Williams.
An ethnographic collection of the Wai Wai, one of the nine indigenous tribes found in Guyana, was presented to this Museum in 1991 by Guyanese Cultural Anthropologist, Dr. George P. Mentore. The Museum's collections also include excavated artifacts from all of the ten Administrative Regions of Guyana.
This large wooden building was designed by Cesar Castellani. It was once the residence of the Director of Agriculture in 1888. In 1965 the building was converted as the official residence by Mr. Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham, then Prime Minister of British Guiana. In 1993 the inaugural collection of the Art Gallery was held.
The museum was initially called The Museum of African Art and Ethnology and was founded in 1985. In 2001, the museum was renamed the Museum of African Heritage, in order to open their doors to a wider audience and begin to fully address the African experience in Guyana.
Uniforms, musical instruments, photographs and other police artifacts dating back to colonial times are on display.
Historical artifacts such as Military weapons, uniforms, and many other equipment and items used from previous troop engagements and records are on display.
The following Museums located out of the city:
The Rupununi Weavers Society Museum at Lethem The Rupununi Weavers Society is also associated with the Walter Roth Museum of Anthropology in Georgetown.
Irons, enamel lunch carriers, ice-shavers, three-legged iron pots, 18th and 19th century maps, coins and stamps, other artifacts and an impressive collection of books by Guyanese authors awaken a sense of nostalgia.
The Philatelic Museum, A branch of the Guyana Post Office was established in 1860 and was closed in 1962 when the Post Office Training School was opened. The building is located on Lamaha and Carmicheal Street, Cummingsburg, currently houses an Internet Cafe and Post Office operated by the Guyana Post Office Corporation.